Complete residue list

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Glucose derivatives
Mannose derivatives
Galactose derivatives
Allose derivatives
Altrose derivatives
Talose derivatives
Gulose derivatives
Idose derivatives
Xylose derivatives
Ribose derivatives
Arabinose derivatives
Lyxose derivatives
Threose derivatives
Erythrose derivatives
Glycerol derivatives
Higher sugars
Amino acids
Aliphatic acids
Sphingoids
Nucleosides
Inositol derivatives
Other monovalent residues
Other residues

 Glucose derivatives
(Glc) glucose
(GlcN) 2-amino-2-deoxyglucose
(Glc1N) 1-amino-1-deoxyglucose (used for N-glycans)
(GlcN1N) 1,2-diamino-1,2-dideoxyglucose (used for N-glycans)
(Glc3N) 3-amino-3-deoxy-glucose (kanosamine when D)
(Glc6N) 6-amino-6-deoxyglucose
(1dGlc) 1-deoxy-glucose (the same as linear form of 1,5-anhGlc-ol, which still has 1-5 cycle)
(Glc1S) 1-thioglucose (with C-SH bond)
(Myc) 3-dimethylamino-3,6-dideoxy-D-glucose (mycaminose)
(GlcA) glucuronic acid
(GlcNA) 2-amino-2-deoxyglucuronic acid
(Glc3NA) 3-amino-3-deoxyglucuronic acid
(GlcN3N) 2,3-diamino-2,3-dideoxyglucose
(GlcN3NA) 2,3-diamino-2,3-dideoxyglucuronic acid
(GlcN4NA) 2,4-diamino-2,4-dideoxyglucuronic acid
(GlcN6N) 2,6-diamino-2,6-dideoxyglucose
(Glc3N6N) 3,6-diamino-3,6-dideoxyglucose
(Mur) 2-amino-3-[(R)-1-carboxyethyl]-2-deoxy-D-glucose (muramic acid)
(1,6anhMur) 1,6-anhydro-2-amino-3-[(R)-1-carboxyethyl]-2-deoxy-D-glucose (1,6-anhydromuramic acid)
(iMur) 2-amino-3-[(S)-1-carboxyethyl]-2-deoxy-D-glucose (isomuramic acid)
(Qui) 6-deoxyglucose (quinovose)
(QuiN) 2-amino-2,6-dideoxyglucose
(Qui3N) 3-amino-3,6-dideoxyglucose
(Qui4N) 4-amino-4,6-dideoxyglucose (viosamine if D)
(QuiN3N) 2,3-diamino-2,3,6-trideoxyglucose
(S6Qui) 6-sulphoquinovose (with C-S bond)
(QuiN4N) 2,4-diamino-2,4,6-trideoxyglucose (bacillosamine)
(Qui1N4N) 1,4-diamino-1,4,6-trideoxyglucopyranose
(QuiN1N4N) 1,2,4-triamino-1,2,4,6-tetradeoxyglucopyranose (used for N-glycans)
(6dglcHep) 6-deoxy-gluco-heptose
(DDglcHep) D-glycero-D-gluco-heptose
(DLglcHep) D-glycero-L-gluco-heptose
(LDglcHep) L-glycero-D-gluco-heptose
(GlcN-onic) 2-amino-2-deoxygluconic acid
(Glc-ol) glucitol
(GlcN-ol) 2-amino-2-deoxyglucitol
(GlcN1N-ol) 1,2-diamino-1,2-dideoxyglucitol
(Mur-ol) 2-amino-3-[(R)-1-carboxyethyl]-2-deoxy-D-glucitol (muramic acid alditol)
(Qui-ol) 6-deoxy-glucitol (quinovitol) = 1-deoxy-gulitol
(QuiN-ol) 2-amino-2,6-dideoxyglucitol
(Qui3N-ol) 3-amino-3,6-dideoxyglucitol
(QuiN4N-ol) 2,4-diamino-2,4,6-trideoxyglucitol
(1,5anhGlc-ol) 1,5-anhydroglucitol (= 1dGlcp in pyranose form)
(1,6anhGlcN) 2-amino-1,6-anhydro-2-deoxyglucose
(1,6anhGlc) 1,6-anhydroglucose
 Mannose derivatives
(Man) mannose
(ManN) 2-amino-2-deoxymannose
(Man1N) 1-amino-1-deoxymannose
(Man3N) 3-amino-3-deoxymannose
(Man4N) 4-amino-4-deoxymannose
(ManN3N) 2,3-diamino-2,3-dideoxymannose
(ManA) mannuronic acid
(ManNA) 2-amino-2-deoxymannuronic acid
(ManN3NA) 2,3-diamino-2,3-dideoxymannuronic acid
(Rha) 6-deoxymannose (rhamnose)
(RhaN) 2-amino-2,6-dideoxymannose
(Rha3N) 3-amino-3,6-dideoxymannose (mycosamine if D)
(Rha4N) 4-amino-4,6-dideoxymannose (perosamine if D)
(RhaN3N) 2,3-diamino-2,3,6-trideoxymannose
(RhaN4N) 2,4-diamino-2,4,6-trideoxymannose
(Man3CMe) 3-C-methylmannose
(Rha3CMe) 3-C-methylrhamnose
(Rha3CMe4N) 3-C-methyl-4-deoxy-4-amino-rhamnose (kansosamine)
(6dmanHep) 6-deoxy-manno-heptose
(DDmanHep) D-glycero-D-manno-heptose
(LDmanHep) L-glycero-D-manno-heptose
(DLmanHep) D-glycero-L-manno-heptose
(Man-ol) mannitol
(Rha-ol) 6-deoxy-D-mannitol (D-rhamnitol?), 1-deoxy-D-mannitol (L-rhamnitol?)
(Rha1N-ol) 1-amino-1,6-deoxy-D-mannitol
(2,5anhMan) 2,5-anhydromannose
(2,5anhMan-ol) 2,5-anhydromannitol
 Galactose derivatives
(Gal) galactose
(GalN) 2-amino-2-deoxygalactose
(Gal1N) 1-amino-1-deoxygalactose (used for N-glycans)
(GalN1N) 1,2-diamino-1,2-dideoxygalactose (used for N-glycans)
(Gal3N) 3-amino-3-deoxygalactose
(GalN3N) 2,3-diamino-2,3-dideoxygalactose
(GalNA) 2-amino-2-deoxygalacturonic acid
(GalA) galacturonic acid
(GalN3NA) 2,3-diamino-2,3-dideoxygalacturonic acid
(GalN3N4NA) 2,3,4-triamino-2,3,4-trideoxygalacturonic acid
(1dGal) 1-deoxy-galactose (the same as linear form of 1,5-anhGal-ol, which still has 1-5 cycle)
(Fuc) 6-deoxygalactose (fucose)
(FucN) 2-amino-2,6-dideoxygalactose
(Fuc3N) 3-amino-3,6-dideoxygalactose
(Fuc4N) 4-amino-4,6-dideoxygalactose (thomosamine if D)
(FucN4N) 2,4-diamino-2,4,6-trideoxygalactose
(S6Fuc) 6-sulphofucose (with C-S bond)
(Gal3F) 3-deoxy-3-fluorogalactose
(6dgalHep) 6-deoxy-galacto-heptose
(DDgalHep) D-glycero-D-galacto-heptose
(Gal4N5N-onic) 4,5-diamino-4,5-dideoxygalactonic acid
(Gal-ol) galactitol
(GalN-ol) 2-amino-2-deoxygalactitol
(GalA-ol) galactitol uronic acid (same as galactonic acid with inverted D
(Fuc-ol) 6-deoxy-D-galactitol (D-fucitol), 1-deoxy-D-galactitol (L-fucitol)
(FucN-ol) 2-amino-2,6-dideoxy-D-galactitol if (D), 5-amino-1,5-dideoxy-D-galactitol if (L)
(Fuc1N-ol) 1-amino-1,6-dideoxy-D-galactitol
(Gallic) 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic (gallic) acid; carboxyl is C7
 Allose derivatives
(All) allose
(AllN) 2-amino-2-deoxyallose
(AllN3N) 2,3-diamino-2,3-dideoxyallose
(6dAll) 6-deoxyallose
(6dallHep) 6-deoxy-allo-heptose
(All-ol) allitol
 Altrose derivatives
(Alt) altrose
(AltN) 2-amino-2-deoxyaltrose
(AltN3N) 2,3-diamino-2,3-dideoxyaltrose
(AltA) altruronic acid
(AltNA) 2-amino-2-deoxyaltruronic acid
(6dAlt) 6-deoxyaltrose
(6dAltN) 2-amino-2,6-dideoxyaltrose
(6dAltN4N) 2,4-diamino-2,4,6-trideoxyaltrose
(6daltHep) 6-deoxy-altro-heptose
(DDaltHep) D-glycero-D-altro-heptose
(Sed) altro-hept-2-ulose (sedoheptulose)
(2,7anhSed) 2,7-anhydro-altro-hept-2-ulopyranose (sedoheptulosan if D)
(Alt-ol) altritol
(1dAlt-ol) 1-deoxyaltritol
 Talose derivatives
(Tal) talose
(TalN) 2-amino-2-deoxytalose
(TalN3N) 2,3-diamino-2,3-dideoxytalose
(TalA) taluronic acid
(TalNA) 2-amino-2-deoxytaluronic acid
(6dTal) 6-deoxytalose
(6dTalN) 2-amino-2,6-dideoxytalose (pneumosamine if D)
(6dTal3N) 3-amino-3,6-dideoxytalose
(6dtalHep) 6-deoxy-talo-heptose
(Tal-ol) talitol
(6dTal-ol) 6-deoxytalitol
(2,5anhTal) 2,5-anhydrotalose
(2,5anhTal-ol) 2,5-anhydrotalitol
 Gulose derivatives
(Gul) gulose
(GulN) 2-amino-2-deoxygulose
(GulN3N) 2,3-diamino-2,3-dideoxygulose
(GulA) guluronic acid
(GulNA) 2-amino-2-deoxyguluronic acid
(GulN3NA) 2,3-diamino-2,3-dideoxyguluronic acid
(6dGul) 6-deoxygulose
(6dGul3CMe) 6-deoxy-3-C-methylgulose (virenose)
(6dgulHep) 6-deoxy-gulo-heptose
(Gul4N5N-onic) 4,5-diamino-4,5-dideoxygulonic acid
(Gul4N5NA-onic) 4,5-diamino-4,5-dideoxygularic acid
(Gul-ol) gulitol
 Idose derivatives
(Ido) idose
(IdoN) 2-amino-2-deoxyidose
(IdoN3N) 2,3-diamino-2,3-dideoxyidose
(IdoN6N) 2,6-diamino-2,6-dideoxyidose
(IdoA) iduronic acid
(6dIdo) 6-deoxyidose
(6didoHep) 6-deoxy-ido-heptose
(LDidoHep) L-glycero-D-ido-heptose
(Ido-ol) iditol
 Xylose derivatives
(Xyl) xylose
(XylN) 2-amino-2-deoxyxylose
(3dxylHex) 3-deoxy-xylo-hexose
(4dxylHex) 4-deoxy-xylo-hexose
(2,6dxylHex) 2,6-dideoxy-xylo-hexose (sarmentose = boiviniose, 2d6d-Gul = 2d6d-Ido)
(Abe) 3,6-dideoxy-D-xylo-hexose (abequose), 3dFuc=3,6dGul
(Col) 3,6-dideoxy-L-xylo-hexose (colitose), 3dFuc=3,6dGul
(4,6dxylHex) 4,6-dideoxy-xylo-hexose (3-O-methyl derivative = halcose)
(4,6dxylHex3N) 3-amino-3,4,6-trideoxy-xylo-hexose
(Aco3N) 3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-L-xylo-hexose (acosamine)
(Des) 3-dimethylamino-3,4,6-trideoxy-D-xylo-hexose (desosamine)
(Sor) xylo-hex-2-ulose (sorbose)
(6dxylHex-3-ulo) 6-deoxy-xylo-hexos-3-ulose
(6dxylHex-4-ulo) 6-deoxy-xylo-hexos-4-ulose
(6dxylHexN-4-ulo) 2-amino-2,6-dideoxy-xylo-hexos-4-ulose
(AceA) 3C-carboxy-5-deoxy-L-xylofuranose (aceric acid)
(Xyl-ol) xylitol
(Xyl1N-ol) 1-amino-1-deoxy-xylytol
 Ribose derivatives
(Rib) ribose
(2dRib) 2-deoxy-erytro-pentose (2d-Rib) ; alias for 2deryPen
(Dig) 2,6-dideoxy-ribo-hexose (digitoxose, 2d6d-All = 2d6d-Alt), 3OMe-derivative = cymarose
(Par) 3,6-dideoxy-D-ribo-hexose (paratose), 3dQui=3,6dAll
(Psi) ribo-hex-2-ulose (psicose)
(ribHex-3-ulo) ribo-hexos-3-ulose
(6dribHex-3-ulo) 6-deoxy-ribo-hexos-3-ulose
(ribHexNA-3-ulo) 2-amino-2-deoxy-ribo-hexos-3-ulose-uronic acid
(Dig3CMe) 2,6-dideoxy-3-C-methyl-ribohexose (3-C-methyl-digitoxose)
(Rib-ol) ribitol
 Arabinose derivatives
(Ara) arabinose
(Ara4N) 4-amino-4-deoxyarabinose
(2daraHex) 2-deoxy-arabino-hexose (2d-Glc, 2d-Man)
(2daraHexA) 2-deoxy-arabino-hexuronic acid (2-deoxyglucuronic acid)
(4daraHex) 4-deoxy-arabino-hexose
(2,6daraHex) 2,6-dideoxy-arabino-hexose(olivose, 2d-Qui = 2d-Rha), 3OMe-derivative = oleandrose
(Tyv) 3,6-dideoxy-D-arabino-hexose (tyvelose), 3dRha=3,6dAlt
(Asc) 3,6-dideoxy-L-arabino-hexose (ascarilose), 3dRha=3,6dAlt
(4,6daraHexN) 2-amino-2,4,6-trideoxy-arabino-hexose
(2,6daraHex3N) 3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-arabino-hexose
(2,6daraHex4N) 4-amino-2,4,6-trideoxy-arabino-hexose
(Tyv4N) 4-amino-3,4,6-trideoxy-D-arabino-hexose
(Gar3N) 4C-methyl-3-methylamino-3-deoxy-L-arabinose (garosamine)
(Fru) arabino-hex-2-ulose (fructose)
(6daraHex-4-ulo) 6-deoxy-arabino-hexos-4-ulose
(6daraHexN-4-ulo) 2-amino-2,6-dideoxy-arabino-hexos-4-ulose
(3daraHep-ulosonic) 3-deoxy-arabino-hept-2-ulosonic acid
(Ara-ol) arabinitol
(1,5daraHex-ol) 1,5-dideoxy-arabinohexitol
 Lyxose derivatives
(Lyx) lyxose
(3dlyxHex) 3-deoxy-lyxo-hexose
(2,6dlyxHex) 2,6-dideoxy-lyxo-hexose (diginose, 2d-Fuc = 2d6d-Tal), D-form: oliose
(4,6dlyxHex) 4,6-dideoxy-lyxo-hexose
(2,6dlyxHex3N) 3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-lyxo-hexose
(Dau3N) 3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-L-lyxo-hexose (daunosamine)
(Tag) lyxo-hex-2-ulose (tagatose)
(Tag-onic) lyxo-hex-2-ulosonic acid
(6dlyxHex-4-ulo) 6-deoxy-lyxo-hexos-4-ulose
(6dlyxHexN-4-ulo) 2-amino-2,6-dideoxy-lyxo-hexos-4-ulose
(Lyx3CHm) 3-C-(hydroxymethyl)lyxose (dihydrohydroxystreptose)
(Van3N3CMe) 3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-3-C-methyl-L-lyxo-hexose (vancosamine)
(3dlyxHep-ulosaric) 3-deoxy-lyxo-hept-2-ulosaric acid (Dha_A when D)
(6dlyxHep-4-ulo) 6-deoxy-lyxo-heptos-4-ulose
(Lyx-ol) lyxitol
(LyxN2CMe-onic) 2-amino-2-deoxy-2-C-methyllyxonic acid
 Threose derivatives
(3dthrPen) 3-deoxy-threo-pentose
(thrPen-4-ulo) threo-pentos-4-ulose (ald function at C1, keto at C4)
(Xul) threo-pent-2-ulose (xylulose)
(4dthrHex4en) 4-deoxy-threo-hex-4-enose
(4dthrHex4enA) 4-deoxy-threo-hex-4-enuronic acid
(4dthrHex4enNA) 2-amino-2,4-dideoxy-threo-hex-4-enuronic acid
(Rho) 2,3,6-trideoxy-L-threo-hexose (rhodinose)
(Rhon) 3-dimethylamino-2,3,6-trideoxy-lyxo-hexose (rhodosamine)
(3,6dthrHex-4-ulo) 3,6-dideoxy-threo-hexos-4-ulose
(3dthrHex-ulosonic) 3-deoxy-threo-hex-2-ulosonic acid
(Thre) threose
(Thre-ol) threitol
(1dThre-ol) 1-deoxythreitol
(4dThre-ol) 4-deoxythreitol (alias for 1-deoxytreitol ?)
(1dThre3N-ol) 3-amino-1,3-dideoxythreitol
(Thre-onic) threonic acid
(ThreN) 2-amino-2-deoxythreose
 Erythrose derivatives
(eryPen-4-ulo) erythro-pentos-4-ulose (ald function at C1, keto at C4)
(Rul) erythro-pent-2-ulose (ribulose)
(4deryHex4en) 4-deoxy-erythro-hex-4-enose
(4deryHex4enA) 4-deoxy-erythro-hex-4-enuronic acid
(4deryHex4enNA) 2-amino-2,4-dideoxy-erythro-hex-4-enuronic acid
(Ami) 2,3,6-trideoxy-D-erythro-hexose (amicetose)
(PurC) 2,6-diamino-2,3,4,6-tetradeoxy-D-erythro-hexose (purpurosamine C)
(For) 4-dimethylamino-2,3,4,6-tetradeoxy-D-erythro-hexose (forosamine)
(Ery) erythrose
(Ery-ol) erythritol
(1dEry-ol) 1-deoxyerythritol
(4dEry-ol) 4-deoxyerythritol (alias for 1-deoxyerythritol ?)
(1dEry3N-ol) 3-amino-1,3-dideoxyerythritol
(Ery-onic) erythronic acid
(EryN) 2-amino-2-deoxyerythrose
 Glycerol derivatives
(3dgroPen-ulosonic) 3-deoxy-glycero-pent-2-ulosonic acid
(Gro-al) glyceraldehyde
(Gro) glycerol (always change -3)LGro to -1)DGro !). L-Gro = sn-Gro
(GroN) 2-amino-2-deoxyglycerol (2-aminopropane-1,3-diol). Always D.
(3dgroTet) 3-deoxy-glycero-tetrose
(3dgroTet-ol) 3-deoxy-glycero-tetritol
(1,3dgroTet-ol) 1,3-dideoxy-glycero-tetritol
(3dgroTet-onic) 3-deoxy-glycero-tetronic acid
(Api) 3-C-(Hydroxymethyl)-erythro-tetrose (apiose)
(Api-ol) 3-C-(Hydroxymethyl)-erythro-tetrol (apiol)
 Higher sugars
(Yer) 3,6-dideoxy-4-C-[(S)-1-hydroxyethyl]-D-xylo-hexose (yersiniose or yersiniose A)
(iYer) 3,6-dideoxy-4-C-[(R)-1-hydroxyethyl]-D-xylo-hexose (isoyersiniose or yersiniose B)
(Ko) D-glycero-D-talo-oct-2-ulosonic (ketooctonic) acid
(Kdo) 3-deoxy-D-manno-oct-2-ulosonic (ketodeoxyoctonic) acid
(Kdo-ol) 3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto/talo-octonic acid (KDO alditol, any of the two isomers)
(Kdo8N) 8-amino-3,8-dideoxy-D-manno-oct-2-ulosonic acid
(3,7dlyxOct-ulosonic) 3,7-dideoxy-lyxo-oct-2-ulosonic acid
(2,7anhKdo) 2,7-anhydro-3-deoxy-D-manno-oct-2-ulosonic acid
(4,7anhKdo) 4,7-anhydro-3-deoxy-D-manno-oct-2-ulosonic acid
(4,8anhKdo) 4,8-anhydro-3-deoxy-D-manno-oct-2-ulosonic acid
(2,7anhKdo-ol) 2,7-anhydro-3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto/talo-octonic acid (any of the two isomers)
(2,7anhmanOct-onic) 2,7-anhydro-manno-octonic acid (any of the four isomers)
(LDglcOct-3-ulo) L-glycero-D-gluco-3-octulose (3-8 pyranose cycle)
(Kdn) 3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-non-2-ulosonic acid (ketodeoxynononic) acid
(Neu) 5-amino-3,5-dideoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-non-2-ulosonic acid (neuraminic) acid
(Pse) 5,7-diamino-3,5,7,9-tetradeoxy-L-glycero-L-manno-non-2-ulosonic (pseudaminic) acid
(Pse8N) 5,7,8-triamino-3,5,7,8,9-pentadeoxy-L-glycero-L-manno-non-2-ulosonic (8N-pseudaminic) acid
(8ePse) 5,7-diamino-3,5,7,9-tetradeoxy-D-glycero-L-manno-non-2-ulosonic (8-epipseudaminic) acid
(Leg) 5,7-diamino-3,5,7,9-tetradeoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-non-2-ulosonic (legionaminic) acid
(Leg8N) 5,7,8-triamino-3,5,7,8,9-pentadeoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-non-2-ulosonic (8N-legionaminic) acid
(4eLeg) 5,7-diamino-3,5,7,9-tetradeoxy-D-glycero-D-talo-non-2-ulosonic (4-epilegionaminic) acid
(8eLeg) 5,7-diamino-3,5,7,9-tetradeoxy-L-glycero-D-galacto-non-2-ulosonic (8-epilegionaminic) acid
(LD3,9dtalNon5N7N-ulosonic) 5,7-diamino-3,5,7,9-tetradeoxy-L-glycero-D-talo-non-2-ulosonic (4,8-epilegionaminic) acid
(Aci) 5,7-diamino-3,5,7,9-tetradeoxy-L-glycero-L-altro-non-2-ulosonic (acinetaminic) acid
(8eAci) 5,7-diamino-3,5,7,9-tetradeoxy-D-glycero-L-altro-non-2-ulosonic (8-epiacinetaminic) acid
(LL3,9dglcNon5N7N-ulosonic) 5,7-diamino-3,5,7,9-tetradeoxy-L-glycero-L-gluco-nonulosonic acid
(DD3,9dmanNon5N7N-ulosonic) 5,7-diamino-3,5,7,9-tetradeoxy-D-glycero-D-manno-non-2-ulosonic acid
(DL3,9dgalNon5N7N-ulosonic) 5,7-diamino-3,5,7,9-tetradeoxy-D-glycero-L-galacto-non-2-ulosonic acid
(DD3,9dgulNon5N7N-ulosonic) 5,7-diamino-3,5,7,9-tetradeoxy-D-glycero-D-gulo-non-2-ulosonic acid
(DD3,9dthraltNon-onic) 3,9-dideoxy-D-threo-D-altro-nononic acid
(Caryose) 4,8-cyclo-3,9-dideoxy-L-erythro-D-ido-nonose
(Caryophyllose) 3,6,10-trideoxy-4-C-[(R)-1-hydroxyethyl]-D-erythro-D-gulo-decose [atom numbering: 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-4`-4``, pyranose cycle is 1-2-3-4-4`]
(Shewanellose) 2-acetamido-4-C-(3'-carboxamide-2',2'-dihydroxypropyl)-2,6-dideoxy-D-galactose
(Erwiniose) 3,6,8-trideoxy-4-C-[(R)-1-hydroxyethyl]-D-gulo-octose (can form 1,1'-pyranose)
 Amino acids
(Tau) 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid (taurine)
(Gly) glycine
(Ala) alanine
(Abu) aminobutyric acid
(Ser) serine
(HSer) homoserine
(Thr) threonine (2S,3R)
(aThr) allothreonine (2S,3S)
(Arg) arginine
(Asp) aspartic acid
(Asn) asparagine
(Glu) glutamic acid
(Gln) glutamine
(iGln) isoglutamine
(His) histidine
(Pro) proline
(Hyp) hydroxyproline (two isomers)
(Orn) ornithine
(Lys) lysine
(Leu) leucine
(Ile) isoleucine
(Nle) norleucine
(Cys) cysteine
(Hcy) homocysteine
(Sec) selenocysteine
(Val) valine
(Nva) norvaline
(Tyr) tyrosine
(Phe) phenylalanine
(Met) methionine
(Trp) tryptophan
(Ply) pyrrolysine (N6-{[(2R,3R)-3-methyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrrol-2-yl]carbonyl}-lysine)
(PmN2) diaminopimelic acid (HOOC-(R)CH(NH2)-CH2-CH2-CH2-(R)CH(NH2)-COOH)
(mPmN2) meso-diaminopimelic acid (HOOC-(S)CH(NH2)-CH2-CH2-CH2-(R)CH(NH2)-COOH)
(SRCetLys) (2S,8R)-N(epsilon)-(1-carboxyethyl)lysine (derived from L-Lys)
(SSCetLys) (2S,8S)-N(epsilon)-(1-carboxyethyl)lysine (derived from L-Lys)
(RSCetLys) (2R,8S)-N(epsilon)-(1-carboxyethyl)lysine (derived from D-Lys)
(RRCetLys) (2R,8R)-N(epsilon)-(1-carboxyethyl)lysine (derived from D-Lys)
 Aliphatic acids
(Fo) formic acid - C1:0
(Ac) acetic acid - C2:0
(Pp) propanoic acid - C3:0
(But) butyric acid - C4:0 (former Br_)
(iBut) isobutyric acid - C4:0
(Tig) (E)-2-methylbut-2-enoic (tiglic) acid - C5:1
(Ang) (Z)-2-methylbut-2-enoic (angelic) acid - C5:1
(Vl) valeric acid - C5:0
(iVl) isovaleric acid - C5:0
(3HOiVl) 3-hydroxy-isovaleric acid - C5:0
(aiVl) anteisovaleric (2-methyl-butyric) acid - C5:0
(Hxo) hexanoic acid - C6:0
(3HOHxo) 3-hydroxy-hexanoic acid - C6:0
(5HOiHxo) 5-hydroxy-isohexanoic acid - C6:0
(2HOaiHxo) 2-hydroxy-3-methyl-pentanoic acid - C6:0, R/S-configuratio at C3 is unknown
(4HOaiHxo) 4-hydroxy-3-methyl-pentanoic acid - C6:0, R/S-configuratio at C3 is unknown
(Hpo) heptanoic acid - C7:0
(Oco) octanoic acid - C8:0
(3HOOco) 3-hydroxy-octanoic acid - C8:0
(Nno) nonanoic (pelargonic) acid - C9:0
(9HONno) 9-hydroxy-nonanoic acid - C9:0
(Dco) decanoic (capric) acid - C10:0
(3HODco) 3-hydroxy-decanoic acid - C10:0
(9HObDco) branched 9-hydroxy-decanoic acid - C10:0, branching position unknown. WURCS is for ?-methyl-8-hydroxy-nonanoic acid
(Dce) decenoic acid - C10:1{9}
(Udo) undecanoic acid - C11:0
(Lau) lauric (dodecanoic) acid - C12:0
(2HOLau) 2-hydroxy-dodecanoic acid - C12:0
(3HOLau) 3-hydroxy-dodecanoic acid - C12:0
(C12={5}) dodec-5-enoic acid - C12:1
(C12={6}) dodec-6-enoic acid - C12:1
(C12={t6}) dodec-6E-enoic acid - C12:1
(C13) tridecanoic acid, C13:0
(iC13) iso-tridecanoic acid, C13:0
(3HOC13) 3-hydroxy-tridecanoic acid, C13:0
(3HOiC13) 3-hydroxy-iso-tridecanoic acid, C13:0
(C13={6}) tridec-6-enoic acid - C13:1
(Myr) myristic (tetradecanoic) acid - C14:0
(2HOMyr) 2-hydroxy-tetradecanoic acid - C14:0
(3HOMyr) 3-hydroxy-tetradecanoic acid - C14:0
(3oxoMyr) 3-oxo-tetradecanoic acid - C14:0
(2,3HOiMyr) 2,3-dihydroxy-iso-tetradecanoic acid - C14:0, R/S-configuration at C3 is unknown
(3HOiMyr) 3-hydroxy-iso-tetradecanoic acid - C14:0
(3HOC14={c4}) 3-hydroxy-tetradec-4Z-enoic acid - C14:1
(C14={5}) tetradec-5-enoic acid - C14:1
(C14={6}) tetradec-6-enoic acid - C14:1
(C14={7}) tetradec-7-enoic acid - C14:1
(C14={8}) tetradec-8-enoic acid - C14:1
(C15) pentadecanoic acid, C15:0
(iC15) iso-pentadecanoic acid, C15:0
(aiC15) anteiso-pentadecanoic acid, C15:0
(3HOC15) 3-hydroxy-pentadecanoic acid, C15:0
(3HOiC15) 3-hydroxy-iso-pentadecanoic acid, C15:0
(3,4HOiC15) 3,4-dihydroxy-iso-pentadecanoic acid, C15:0, R/S-configuration at C4 is unknown
(C15={5}) pentadec-5-enoic acid - C15:1{5}
(C15={6}) pentadec-6-enoic acid - C15:1{6}
(Pam) palmitic (hexadecanoic) acid - C16:0
(iPam) isopalmitic acid - C16:0
(dPam) palmitoleic (hexadecenoic) acid - C16:1{9}, E,Z-configuration unknown
(cdPam) cis-palmitoleic (hexadecenoic) acid - C16:1{9Z}
(2HOPam) 2-hydroxy-hexadecanoic acid - C16:0
(3HOPam) 3-hydroxy-hexadecanoic acid - C16:0
(15,16HOPam) 15,16-dihydroxy-hexadecanoic acid - C16:0
(2,15,16HOPam) 2,15,16-trihydroxy-hexadecanoic acid - C16:0, R/S-configuration at C15 is unknown
(Jal) 11S-hydroxy-hexadecanoic (jalapinolic) acid - C16:0
(2b14b1Pam) 2,4-dimethyl-tetradecanoic acid - C16:0, R,S-configurations unknown
(2HOC16={t3}) 2-hydroxy-trans-3-hexadecenoic acid - C16:1{3E}
(C16={5}) hexadec-5-enoic acid - C16:1{5}
(C16={6}) hexadec-6-enoic acid - C16:1{6}
(C16={11}) hexadec-11-enoic acid - C16:1{11}
(C16={t2,c9}) trans-2-cis-9-hexadecadienoic acid - C16:2{2E,9Z}
(C16={?,?}) hexadecadienoic acid, positions and E,Z-configurations unknown - C16:2
(C16={t2,t4,c9}) trans-2,4-cis-9-hexadecatrienoic acid - C16:3{2E,4E,9Z}
(C16={c7,c10,c13}) cis-7,10,13-hexadecatrienoic acid - C16:3{7Z,10Z,13Z}
(C16={?,?,?}) hexadecatrienoic acid, positions and E,Z-configurations unknown - C16:3
(Mar) margaric (heptadecanoic) acid, C17:0
(aiMar) anteiso-heptadecanoic acid, C17:0
(3HOMar) 3-hydroxy-heptadecanoic acid, C17:0
(3HOiMar) 3-hydroxy-iso-heptadecanoic acid, C17:0
(C17={5}) heptadec-5-enoic acid - C17:1{5}
(C17={6}) heptadec-6-enoic acid - C17:1{6}
(Ste) stearic (octadecanoic) acid - C18:0
(2HOSte) 2-hydroxy-octadecanoic acid - C18:0
(3HOSte) 3-hydroxy-octadecanoic acid - C18:0
(C18={5}) octadec-5-enoic acid - C18:1{5}
(C18={6}) octadec-6-enoic acid - C18:1{6}
(Ole) oleic (cis-9-octadecenoic) acid - C18:1{9Z}
(C18c{9,11}) cyclo-9,11-octadecanoic acid - C18:c{9}
(17HOOle) 17-hydroxy-cis-9-octadecenoic acid - C18:1{9Z}
(Ricn) ricinoleic (12-R-hydroxy-cis-9-octadecenoic) acid - C18:1{9Z}
(C18={t9}) trans-9-octadecenoic acid - C18:1{9E}
(Vac) vaccenic (11-octadecenoic) acid - C18:1{11}
(cVac) cis-vaccenic (cis-11-octadecenoic) acid - C18:1{11Z}
(Lin) linoleic (cis,cis-9,12-octadecadienoic) acid - C18:2{9Z,12Z}
(aLnn) (9,12,15)-linolenic (9,12,15-octadecatrienoic) acid - C18:3{9,12,15}
(gLnn) (6,9,12)-linolenic (6,9,12-octadecatrienoic) acid - C18:3{6,9,12}
(eSte) eleostearic (9,11,13-octadecatrienoic) acid - C18:3{9,11,13}
(C18={?}) octadecenoic acid, position and E,Z-configuration unknown - C18:1
(C18={t2,t4,t6,c11}) 2,4,6-trans-11-cis-octadecatetraenoic acid - C18:4{2E,4E,6E,11Z}
(C18={t5,t8,t11,t14}) trans-5,8,11,14-octadecatetraenoic acid - C18:4{5E,8E,11E,14E}
(C18={?,?,?,?}) octadecatetraenoic acid, positions and E,Z-configurations unknown - C18:4
(2HOC18={t3}) 2-hydroxy-trans-3-octadecenoic acid - C18:1{3E}
(C19c{9,11}) 9,11-cyclo-nonadecanoic acid - C19:c{9}
(10b1C19) 10-methyl-octadecanoic (tuberculostearic) acid - C19:0
(Ach) arachidic (icosanoic) acid - C20:0
(3HOAch) 3-hydroxy-arachidic (icosanoic) acid - C20:0
(d2Ach) 8,11-icosadienoic acid - C20:2{8,11}
(d3Ach) 5,8,11-icosatrienoic acid - 20:3{5,8,11}
(d4Ach) arachidonic (5,8,11,14-icosatetraenoic) acid - 20:4{5,8,11,14}
(9b1Ach) 9-methyl-nonadecanoic acid - C20:0
(Beh) behenic (docosanoic) acid - C22:0
(2HOBeh) 2-hydroxy-docosanoic acid - C22:0
(3HOBeh) 3-hydroxy-docosanoic acid - C22:0
(2b14b1C22={t2}) may be R or S on C4
(2b14b1C22={2}) may be R or S on C4; E,Z-configuration unknown
(C23={c14}) cis-14-tricosenoic acid - C23:1{14Z}
(Lig) lignoceric (tetracosanoic) acid - C24:0
(2HOLig) 2-hydroxy-tetracosanoic acid - C24:0
(Ner) nervonic (cis-15-tetracosenoic) acid - C24:1{15Z}
(2HOC25) 2-hydroxy-pentacosanoic acid - C25:0
(C25={c16}) cis-16-pentacosenoic acid - C25:1{16Z}
(Crt) cerotic (hexacosanoic) acid - C26:0
(2HOCrt) 2-hydroxy-hexacosanoic acid - C26:0
(3HOCrt) 3-hydroxy-hexacosanoic acid - C26:0
(Ccr) carboceric (heptacosanoic) - C27:0
(Phthi) (+)C27-phthienoic (2,4,6-trimethyl-tetracos-2-enoic) acid - C27:1{2}
(Mon) montanic (octacosanoic) acid - C28:0
(3HOMon) 3-hydroxy-octacosanoic acid - C28:0
(27HOMon) 27-hydroxy-octacosanoic acid - C28:0
(27oxoMon) 27-oxo-octacosanoic acid - C28:0
(Mel) melissic (triacontanoic) acid - C30:0
(Mycolic) class: mycolic acids (2-tetradecyl-3-hydroxy-derivatives of fatty acids); codes for C32
(Gc) glycolic (2-hydroxyacetic) acid
(3HOPro) 3-hydroxypropanoic (beta-lactic) acid
(GroA) 2,3-dihydroxypropanoic (glyceric) acid. WURCS is for 1-O(C=O)-linked Lac
(Lac) 2-hydroxypropanoic (lactic) acid ether (substituent: 1-carboxyethyl). WURCS is for 1-O-linked Lac
(2HOBut) 2-hydroxybutanoic acid
(3HOBut) 3-hydroxybutanoic acid; D-3HO-butyric = (3R)-3HO-butyric
(4HOBut) 4-hydroxybutanoic acid
(2,4HOBut) 2,4-dihydroxybutanoic acid
(3,4HOBut) 3,4-dihydroxybutanoic acid
(3,5HOHex) general 3,5-dihydroxyhexanoic acid
(SS3,5HOHex) 3S,5S-dihydroxyhexanoic acid
 Sphingoids
(Sph) any sphingosine, any sphingenine (2S,3R,4E-2-amino-4-en-1,3-diol) (4E-sphingenine)
(SphC16) hexadecasphingosine, hexadecasphingenine (2S,3R,4E-2-amino-4-hexadecene-1,3-diol) (4E-hexadecasphingenine)
(SphC18) sphingosine, sphingenine (2S,3R,4E-2-amino-4-octadecene-1,3-diol) (4E-sphingenine)
(SphC20) icosasphingosine, icosasphingenine (2S,3R,4E-2-amino-4-icosadecene-1,3-diol) (4E-icosasphingenine)
(SphC22) sphingosine C22, sphingenine C22
(cis-Sph) any cis-sphingenine (2S,3R,4Z-2-amino-4-en-1,3-diol) (4Z-sphingenine)
(cis-SphC16) cis-hexadecasphingosine, cis-hexadecasphingenine (2S,3R,4Z-2-amino-4-hexadecene-1,3-diol) (4Z-hexadecasphingenine)
(cis-SphC18) cis-sphingosine, cis-sphingenine (2S,3R,4Z-2-amino-4-octadecene-1,3-diol) (4Z-sphingenine)
(cis-SphC20) cis-icosasphingosine, cis-icosasphingenine (2S,3R,4Z-2-amino-4-icosadecene-1,3-diol) (4Z-icosasphingenine)
(cis-SphC22) cis-sphingosine C22, cis-sphingenine C22
(phSph) any phytosphingosine (2S,3S,4R-2-amino-1,3,4-triol)
(phSphC16) hexadecaphytosphingosine, hexadecaphytosphinganine (2S,3S,4R-2-amino-hexadecane-1,3,4-triol)
(phSphC18) phytosphingosine, phytosphinganine (2S,3S,4R-2-amino-octadecane-1,3,4-triol)
(phSphC20) icosasphingosine, icosaphytosphinganine (2S,3S,4R-2-amino-icosadecane-1,3,4-triol)
(phSphC22) phytosphingosine C22, phytosphinganine C22
(Sphn) any sphinganine (D-erythro- or D-threo-2-amino-1,3-diol C14-24)
(SRSphnC16) SR-hexadecasphynganine (D-erythro-2-amino-1,3-hexadecanediol)
(SRSphnC18) SR-sphinganine (D-erythro-2-amino-1,3-octadecanediol)
(SRSphnC20) SR-icosasphinganine (D-erythro-2-amino-1,3-icosanediol)
(SRSphnC22) SR-sphinganine C22
(RRSphnC16) RR-hexadecasphynganine (D-threo-2-amino-1,3-hexadecanediol)
(RRSphnC18) RR-sphinganine (D-threo-2-amino-1,3-octadecanediol)
(RRSphnC20) RR-icosasphinganine (D-threo-2-amino-1,3-icosanediol)
(RRSphnC22) RR-sphinganine C22
(Sphd) any 4E,8E-sphingadienine
(SR9b1SphdC19) (2S,3R,4E,8E)-9-methyl-4,8-sphingadienine-C18
(9b1SphdC19) (4E,8E)-9-methyl-4,8-sphingadienine-C18, S/R-configuration is unknown
(Spht) any 4E,8E,10E-sphingatrienine
 Nucleosides
(nucA) adenosine (A, bDRibf + 6-aminopurine)
(nucdA) deoxyadenosine (dA, bD2dRibf + 6-aminopurine)
(nucG) guanosine (G, bDRibf + 2-amino-6-hydroxypurine)
(nucdG) deoxyguanosine (dG, bD2dRibf + 2-amino-6-hydroxypurine)
(nucT) thymidine (T, bDRibf + 5-methyluracil)
(nucdT) deoxythymidine (dT, bD2dRibf + 5-methyluracil)
(nucC) cytidine (C, bDRibf + 4-amino-1H-pyrimidine-2-one)
(nucdC) deoxycytidine (dC, bD2dRibf + 4-amino-1H-pyrimidine-2-one)
(nucU) uridine (U, bDRibf + 2-oxy-4-oxy-pyrimidine)
(nucdU) deoxyuridine (dU, bD2dRibf + 2-oxy-4-oxy-pyrimidine)
 Inositol derivatives
(myoIno) myo-inositol (cis-1,2,3,5-trans-4,6-cyclohexanehexol) [2OH ax, other OH eq]
(scylloIno) scyllo-inositol (cis-1,3,5-trans-2,4,6-cyclohexanehexol) [all OH eq]
(mucoIno) muco-inositol (cis-1,2,4,5-trans-3,6-cyclohexanehexol)
(chiroIno) chyro-inositol (D-form: cis-1,2,4-trans-3,5,6-cyclohexanehexol)
(neoIno) neo-inositol (cis-1,2,3-trans-4,5,6-cyclohexanehexol)
(alloIno) allo-inositol (cis-1,2-trans-3,4,5,6-cyclohexanehexol)
(epiIno) epi-inositol (cis-1-trans-2,3,4,5,6-cyclohexanehexol)
(cisIno) cis-inositol (cis-1,2,3,4,5,6-cyclohexanehexol)
(myoIno2N) 2-deoxy-2-amino-myo-inositol
(2dmyoIno3N) 2,3-dideoxy-3-amino-myo-inositol
(myoIno1N3N) 1,3-dideoxy-1,3-diamino-myo-inositol
 Other monovalent residues
(F) fluorine
(NH2) ammonia
(NFo) formamide (used e.g. in this case: NFo(1-6)aDGalpA)
(Ph) phenol
(Cm) carbamic acid (H2N-COOH) (WURCS is given for N-linked Cm)
(Am) acetimidic acid (HO-C(=NH)-CH3)
(Allyl) allyl alcohol
(Bn) benzoic alcohol; hydroxymethyl is C7
(Bz) benzoic acid; carboxyl is C7
(Me) methanol
(Et) ethanol
(Pr) propanol
(iPr) isopropanol
(Bu) butanol
(tBu) tret-butanol
(Pe) pentanol
(Hx) hexanol
(Hp) heptanol
(Oc) octanol
(Nn) nonanol
(Dec) decanol
(Und) undecanol
(Dod) dodecanol
(Phyt) phytanol (3,7,11,15-tetramethyl-hexadecanol, E20, R,S-configurations unknown)
 Other residues
(Ham) 2-C-(hydroxymethyl)ribose (hamamelose)
(Etg) ethylene glycol
(Etg-al) glycolaldehyde
(Sal) 2-hydroxybenzoic (salicylic) acid; carboxyl is C7
(3HOBz) 3-hydroxybenzoic (m-hydroxybenzoic) acid; carboxyl is C7
(4HOBz) 4-hydroxybenzoic (p-hydroxybenzoic) acid; carboxyl is C7
(2NBz) 2-aminobenzoic (anthranilic) acid; carboxyl is C7
(4NBz) 4-aminobenzoic acid; carboxyl is C7
(Prcat) 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic (protocatechuic) acid; carboxyl is C7
(bRes) 2,4-dihydroxybenzoic (beta-resorcyclic) acid; carboxyl is C7
(Gent) 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic (gentisic) acid; carboxyl is C7
(2,3HOBz) 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid; carboxyl is C7
(Cin) cinnamic (E-3-phenylprop-2-enoic) acid; atom numbering is traditional (C1 is in a benzene ring)
(pCoum) p-coumaric (E-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-propenoic) acid; atom numbering is traditional (C1 is in a benzene ring)
(mCoum) m-coumaric (E-3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-2-propenoic) acid; atom numbering is traditional (C1 is in a benzene ring)
(oCoum) o-coumaric (E-3-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-2-propenoic) acid; atom numbering is traditional (C1 is in a benzene ring)
(Caf) caffeic (E-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-propenoic) acid; atom numbering is traditional (C1 is in a benzene ring)
(Fer) ferulic (E-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-phenyl)prop-2-enoic) acid; atom numbering is traditional (C1 is in a benzene ring)
(Sin) sinapic/sinapinic (E-3-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)prop-2-enoic) acid; atom numbering is traditional (C1 is in a benzene ring)
(3,4,8HOPhet) 3,4,8-trihydroxy-ethylbenzene (phenylethan-3,4,8-triol)
(Polygalacic) polygalacic (2b,3b,4a,16a)-2,3,16,23-tetrahydroxy-olean-12-en-28-oic) acid (atom numbering: http://patentimages.storage.googleapis.com/EP2011517A1/imgf0003.png)
(Oleanolic) oleanolic (oleanic) acid (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oleanolic_acid)
(Glycyrrhetic) enoxolone, glycyrrhetic (glycyrrhetinic) acid (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glycyrrhetinic_acid)
(16HOPhyt) 3,7,11,15-tetramethyl-hexadecan-1,16-diol, E20, R,S-configurations unknown
(Hm) hydroxymethyl substituent (added for compatibility)
(Pyr) 2-oxopropanoic (pyruvic) acid acetal (substituent: 1-carboxyethylidene)
(EtN) 2-aminoethanol (ethanolamine)
(Aep) 2-amino-ethylphosphonic acid
(Cho) 2-(trimethylammonio)ethanol (choline)
(CetEtN) 2-(1-carboxyethylamino)ethanol [N-(2-hydroxyethyl)alanine]; alternative WURCS A2m_2*NCCO
(phCer-ol) phthioceranol HOCH2-(CH2)16-CHOH-CH2-CHOH-(CH2)4-CH(CH3)-CH(OCH3)-Et
(P) phosphoric acid
(S) sulfuric acid
(Mal) malonic acid (HOOC-CH2-COOH)
(Suc) succinic acid (HOOC-CH2-CH2-COOH)
(2HOSuc) 2-hydroxysuccinic (malic) acid; (2R)-2HO-succinic = D-malic
(Glt) glutaric acid (HOOC-CH2-CH2-CH2-COOH)
(2HOGlt) 2-hydroxyglutaric acid
(3HO3MeGlt) 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric acid
(RR3HO3MePro-5-oxo) (2R,3R)-3-hydroxy-3-methyl-5-oxoproline
(3HO2,3MePro-5-oxo) 3-hydroxy-2,3-dimethyl-5-oxoproline (RR, SS, RS, SR = unknown)
(3,4HO1,3MePro-5-oxo) 3,4-dihydroxy-N,3-dimethyl-5-oxoproline
(2,4HO3,3,4MePro-5-oxo) 2,4-dihydroxy-3,3,4-trimethyl-5-oxoproline
(Pro-5-oxo) 5-oxoprolin (pyroglutamic acid, pidolic acid); D or L